Responsible travelling is all about helping to share some of the benefits of tourism with local people without causing negative effects on either the environment or their culture. .
I’m in favour of this and hence this post all about it. It’s vital so that local communities can share the creation of positive employment, better working conditions and increased standards of living from our visit rather than be detrimentally affected.
Local people benefit from tourism by through receiving increased income which, when managed correctly, can be used to improve standards of education, diet and access to medical treatment. If travellers remain ignorant and uncaring as to how their travel arrangements affect others, tourism will continue to just make the rich hotel owners, property owners, travel companies and shop owners even richer while the poorer members of the community will remain exploited and struggling to improve their circumstances.
Here are some guide-lines for responsible travellers to follow for low-impact, culturally sensitive and environmentally friendly travel.
I love to go before I go – this part of the trip is the build up and the anticipation. Oh, how I love to research, read blogs about the places we are about to go. Our study of other cultures and languages helps us to respect the people we are travelling amongst and heightens our personal experience. It is much more fulfilling and satisfying to be able to participate in other cultures fully and knowledgeably.
We like to seek out information from guide books but also look into their history, their classic and contemporary literature and film. Look into the culturally accepted behaviour, customs, etiquettes and dress codes. As girls we often need to be aware of how our dress may be considered culturally insensitive and be willing and aware of the need to adapt- a long loose skirt or pair of trousers or a shawl, even if you’re at an age that you get too hot! And for the younger gals – Short shorts are usually too short!
Make an effort before you leave on your travels to learn some valuable phrases in the languages of the place you are visiting or even consider language CDs or classes. It is worth the effort.
In France & Italy, even making the attempt will encourage a more understanding exchange, and in South America, the local people will be delighted with your venture into their native tongue.
If you wish to be a responsible traveller, it’s a good idea to think about where your money is going. Luckily, these days, travel companies are becoming much more aware of human rights issues and there are usually choices you can make that will result in positive benefits for local communities and the environment.
This may mean that you won’t just be able to pick the cheapest option- definitely a temptation when trying to travel on a tight budget- but it is rewarding.
Here are some of the adventures we chose that made us feel like we are caring for the locals:
Don’t just visit Western restaurants – buying yet another burger is not going to be something to write home about and it’s great to try and spend your money in local businesses. We chose to drink the local corn beers and delicious Pisco Sours in South America, which were served by locals, and were much more exciting than a branded soda in a can.
Some people get caught up in the exhilaration of their currency being worth a lot in another country. Yes, you don’t want to get ripped off, and haggling can be addictive, but it can be important to remind oneself that a small difference in price to you can mean quite a lot to the local trader. Don’t be too hard-line as it can end up ruining your own experience- being fair and realistic can be rewarding too.
In many of the places that we visit, there are clearly defined rules as to how to respect the environment. On our cruise in Galapagos there were rules prescribed by Ecuadorian law that we wouldn’t dream of disobeying as they made too much sense!
Rules such as not removing or taking any natural objects or animals from the islands, keeping to the paths, not touching or feeding any animals, no littering or defacing of rocks! The places we visited were so beautiful there was no way we wanted to spoil any of it.
It definitely pays to have a guide who knows what their talking about when it comes to limiting environmental impact, and choosing a company that really cares about not just maintaining the status quo but seeks to improve and facilitate ecological development and growth.
It does pay to think about what is happening to your rubbish and sensitively using limited resources such as water, electricity and fuel. Some countries might not have the user-friendly council provided rubbish and recycling bins and facilities, so think smart and ask the locals.
Often glass bottles can be reused and so they are the more environmentally friendly option over plastic or aluminium cans.
Many travellers think ‘leave only footsteps, take only photos’. But in some cultures, the images that you make and take may not be welcome or accepted. So it is important not to merely treat people as part of the scene or landscape. Sometimes, photos can even be considered sensitive politically and you may be in danger of upsetting the authorities if you are found with certain photographs.
Some cultures also believe image of self are taboo and can inflict damage or steal a person’s soul. This may be from ignorance, or may be part of cultural or religious beliefs, so do respect their opinions and refrain from what may be considered offensive and intrusive behaviour. While you may only be wishing to record another way of life or living, the people for whom this is their way of life, may feel disrespected or embarrassed at this attention.
Often if you do take a photo without asking, people will demand payment, and you can sometimes be offered their involvement before they name their price. If locals have dressed up with having their photos taken for cash obviously in mind, then negotiate a price first to avoid things turning nasty. And although it may seem that paying for their participation may seem a good way to put money into local hands, it can encourage begging especially amongst children and in turn this can lead to exploitation.
If you have a digital camera, then showing the photos you take to the local people can be the best way of gaining their support if they don’t understand what you are trying to do and they will probably find it very excited if they are not used to seeing themselves in a photo. In Bali the kids squealed with delight seeing themselves on my camera screen.
Perhaps what is most important is having the desire to be a responsible traveller. For us it is vital to actually care about the impact and consequences of our time in other countries and cultures.